Logical Reasoning Tests
The logical reasoning test can be one of two types: logical diagrams and case study tests. A logical diagram is a graphical representation of a subject, idea or information. An example of a logical diagram would be the layout of a person’s bedroom. Each person in the household can be represented by a distinct color. One person can represent himself/herself, another person can represent their spouse, etc. This is a simple way to visually display concepts and ideas.
A logical reasoning test typically asks participants to solve a series of logical problems, or “answers” to commonly asked questions. To solve the problem, the participant is required to find the answer either from among their own thoughts, or from among the answers given to them. Based on their answers, the participant is either correct incorrect or should answer a “failing” grade. Once the correct answers are found, the participant is scored.
A case study test is a multiple choice testing where the student is presented with a document or set of documents that is relevant to the particular case study. The student will be asked to evaluate and interpret the document or set of documents. The document or set of documents may be difficult or simple. In order to correctly answer the questions in a logical reasoning section of a law school test, the student must use both logic and insight. They must develop and utilize both “yes” and “no” answers.
In order to demonstrate both insight and logic, the student must first give a specific answer based on both logic and insight. Then, using both logic and insight, they must then support that answer. Once the student has effectively supported their conclusion through logic and insight, the student is then required to draw a conclusion based on that conclusion. The reasoning involved is again very simple. If the conclusion is drawn from the information provided, then the logical reasoning test is successful.
Most of the time, the types of questions asked in logical reasoning tests fall into two main categories. A directed question is one in which there is a direction (either left or right) to the answer. A conjunction question asks the student to connect one concept with another concept. A problem is one in which there are several possible answers. In most tests, you will find at least two different diagrams for every problem.
It is important to study and prepare for logical reasoning tests. The most important part of the test, though, is how you react to the different questions. This is where most people find the best practice. You must not give away your true answer when you do not want it revealed. When answering questions about probability, the best thing to do is to choose one answer that makes sense (generalize). Then, if that answer is incorrect, revise the paragraph and reword it so it makes more sense.
Remember, the most logical reasoning tests will be those that require little guesswork and that are based solely on logic and reasoning. Your score does not matter as much as the validity and depth of your reasoning. Knowing your score does not mean that you should feel confident about the accuracy of your score. Rather than focus on that, focus on your comprehension of the questions and the quality of your argument. As long as you do well in the logical reasoning section, your score should be enough to encourage you and entice you to study more.